Son of an unknown mother who abandoned him at the Foundling House, seven years after it was adopted by the Chinchella family, owners of a coal.
Quinquela Martín is considered the port painter and one of the country’s most popular painters. His paintings show port activity, vigor and harshness of daily life in La Boca port. He had to work as a child carrying bags of coal and these experiences influenced his artistic vision obras.
He exhibited his works in several exhibitions in the country and abroad, managed to sell more of their creations and many others donated. With economic profit for these sales made several solidarity works in their neighborhood, including a school-museum known as Pedro de Mendoza School.
He had no formal education in art but was self-taught, which caused that criticism is not always positive. He used as the main working tool spatula instead of the traditional brush.
The neighborhood of La Boca where Quinquela inspired was a neighborhood of warehouses, shipyards and port constructions, zinc and tin houses. The neighborhood was poor, it was tinged with gray little resemblance to what Quinquela left. His eyes could see beyond the obvious, could see the cultural heritage of each espacio.39
The emotional dependence that linked the neighborhood caused it accused him of monothematic, being unable to paint anything but he was proud of his this feature. On one occasion he was asked to paint a mural in Santiago del Estero argument for not doing so was simple: «The merger between the individual and the environment arises what is called the local color Santiago del Estero provides abundant artistic material for painters. but I do not dare to paint. painter will paint it to be santiagueño.’s local color requires a local artist. And my local color is in Vuelta de Rocha «. Offerings like this, rejected quantity over his career.
Quinquela was inspired by the diverse landscapes that offered «The Republic of the Mouth» and «The famous round Rocha,» where he was at that time the «Washington Boat», an old ship of the navy. Other sites like «The institute Olifantil Doctor» («A place where the color is placed at the service of pain»), «The School of Graphic Arts» and «The Theatre School» organized by the school board, he served as cultural inspiration for their works.
Buenos Aires and a tour around La Boca
Quinquela Martin, the creator of Caminito
In 1950 a group of neighbors, including the Boca painter Quinquela was decided to recover an abandoned railway. In 1959, at the initiative of Quinquela Martin, the municipal government built a street museum there, with the name I had given him the tango «Caminito».
One day it occurred to me to turn that pasture in a joyous street. He managed that were painted with colors all households in materials or wood and zinc abutting for their funds to this narrow path and the old paddock was a cheerful and beautiful street, with the name of the beautiful song and she installed a true Art Museum, where you can admire the works of famous artists, generously donated by their authors.
First exhibition at the National Arts
In 1919, after a long time to send their works to the National Exhibition of Arts, the jury accepted one. He had sent two works: Sunny day in La Boca yBuque repairs but only one was admitted. This opinion so angry as Filiberto Benito. The latter proposed to present the exhibition armed with knives, stealing fabrics both paintings and take the Hall of challenged. Benito accepted the plan considering the publicity but would be in the Hall to commit the act met the two exhibits. Eduardo Taladrid hand had won and had convinced their influences to present both boxes. This entry was Quinquela the National Exhibition of Arts continued with pictures Rincon Creek in 1919 and scene work, awarded in 1920.23
After this success, Taladrid began to organize a second solo exhibition with the help of an article in the daily La Nación de Julio Navarro Monzo with which he presented at the Society of Charity of the capital presided over by Mrs. Agnes Dorrego Unzué . With these references, the note and recommendation Taladrid lady Unzué specially commissioned to get a spot for the second solo exhibition of Quinquela. That place was the Jockey Club lounge, meeting place of the city’s upper class.
The day of the show mingled with the public bankers, landowners, industrialists and other members of high society with charcoal, sailors and harbor vague Quinquela friends. The pictures were presented in high-quality frames, funded by Taladrid accompanied by an orchestra with piano and violin he played deSchubert works, Schumann, Beethoven and Filiberto. Despite the luxury Quinquela never forgot his friends and neighborhood.
Museum of Fine Arts in La Boca, Quinquela Martín
In 1933 Quinquela donated to the State owned land in order to construct a building for an elementary school, a museum of Argentine Artists and a place to house and studio of the artist. The July 19, 1936, Pedro de Mendoza School opened combining art and education in pursuit of improved perceptual abilities and learning of children. Martin made quinquela eighteen murals inside the building. Two years later he opened in the same building as the Museum of Argentine Artists. The representative collection of the history of national art consists of works of figurative Argentine artists from the late nineteenth century to today. Also includes a collection of figureheads, unique in Latin America, represented by interesting pieces from the late nineteenth century. In the room Sivori, temporary exhibitions of great masters of Argentine art, renowned contemporary artists and emerging artists perform; linking heritage with contemporary production works. On the third floor is currently the House – Museum Quinquela where his great works and personal belongings are exhibited. Museum of Fine Arts Quinquela Av. Pedro de Mendoza 1835/1843 4301-1080 / 4303-3709
The museum is open from Tuesday to Friday from 10 am to 18 pm, and Saturdays, Sundays and holidays from 11 to 18 hs. Closed on Mondays.